Underlying RoE fell to 2.7% as an average across reinsurers writing natural catastrophe risks in 2018, just part of a “relentless decline since 2013”
The total shareholders’ equity of the 32 reinsurance companies tracked by Willis Re’s reinsurance index was down 10% at the end of last year.
The $13.7bn drop to a figure of $335.7bn reversed growth of 8% in 2017, the broker’s Reinsurance Market Report revealed.
Willis Re pinned the fall on the exits of Validus and XL Catlin, both through merger deals.
The reduction was the largest component of a 5% fall in total capital dedicated to the global reinsurance industry at year-end 2018. That total capital figure had fallen to $462bn at the end of last year, Willis Re reported.
The second largest component within the overall figure is alternative capital which grew by 6%, in contrast to the drop within the index group of traditional underwriters of reinsurance.
Reinsurance companies paid out a great majority – some 86% – of their $20.5bn of net income as dividends and share buy-backs, which together reduced the index capital by $17.6bn.
The overall decrease in index capital was due to unrealised investment depreciation of $21.4bn, the broker added, mainly attributed to falling equity markets and rising bond yields. National Indemnity alone reported $10.2bn of unrealised investment depreciation, Willis Re noted.
RoE’s relentless decline
Reinsurers’ underlying return on equity (RoE) “has seen a relentless decline since 2013”, according to Willis Re.
For the subset of natural catastrophe reinsurers, reported RoE for the subset studied by the broker recovered from 2017’s 1.4% to 4.2%, attributed to the heavy cat losses sustained in 2017.
Normalising for a 4% nat cat loss and removing the benefit of reserve releases resulted in an underlying RoE of 2.7% for the subset versus 3.8% RoE in 2017, Willis Re reported.
The slump in RoE can be seen in Willis Re’s chart, taken from the report, below.
The main driver of the improvement in reported RoE for the subset, and drop in underlying RoE, was the combined ratio, the reinsurance broker found.
The headline combined ratio for the subset recovered from 2017’s 107.4% to a just-in-profit 99.2%.
The broker said: “However, stripping out 4.6 percentage points of reserve releases (marginally lower than 2017’s releases) and 8.6 percentage points of nat cat losses (significantly down on 2017’s 18.1 percentage points), results in an ex- nat cat accident year combined ratio of 95.3% for the subset, a deterioration versus 2017’s 94.6%.”
James Kent, Willis Re’s global CEO, said: “Overall shareholders equity figures for the Index suffered a negative impact due to unrealised investment losses, owing to external factors largely beyond the control of risk carriers, as well as shareholder buy backs and dividends.
Kent added: “The report’s findings show that the remedial actions taken by many risk carriers in 2018 were essential and we are seeing an acceleration of these actions in 2019 as companies seek improved underwriting terms and rates to drive RoEs.”
Chart: RoE for the index of reinsurers and subset of nat cat reinsurers. Source: Willis Re.